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Agile vs. Scrum: Differences and Similarities Explained

Agile and Scrum are standard terms often associated with software development and project management. But how are scrum and agile different from each other, are they at all related? This article focuses on unravelling the similarities and differences between Agile vs. Scrum and highlighting how they help shape how modern teams deal with the challenges of the evolving business landscape. Are you excited? Let’s start!

Table Of Content:

What is Agile?

An agile methodology is a flexible and collaborative approach which are adopted by teams for the efficient management of tasks. It offers an alternative to conventional, linear project management methods by bringing change, constant improvement, and adaptability throughout development. With Agile, teams can focus on numerous project iterations arranged into a relevant backlog based on the end-users feedback. 

What Is Scrum?

Scrum is a particular framework within the methodology of Agile that offers a structured approach to organizing and managing work in software development projects. The primary purpose behind designing it is to enhance collaboration, value delivery, and team transparency. 

It is based on the Agile manifesto principles and aims at delivering time-boxed iterations known as sprints. Scrum emphasizes constant improvement, self-organization, and adaptability. Therefore teams can respond to the changing requirements and feedback of the customers within a specific time. 

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Importance of Agile

The importance of Agile in the oeuvre of project management and software development is crucial, these are:

  • Flexibility and Adaptability: The methodology emphasizes adaptability and flexibility per the changing requirements, customer needs, and market conditions. Therefore by adopting time-to-time changes, agile teams can respond instantly to new information, ensure required adjustments and ascertain whether the product is in terms of the stakeholder’s evolving expectations.
  • Satisfaction of The Customers: The central preoccupation of Agile is to deliver value to customers. As agile methodologies include the involvement of customers and their feedback throughout the development process, it ensures that the end product provides the utmost satisfaction and meets all their expectations. Therefore this customer-centric approach ensures the success of the market.
  • Collaboration and Transparency: The methodology of agile nurtures a collaborative and transportation environment for work, where the stakeholders, members of the team as well as customers can take a view into the challenges, progress, and decisions that were taken during the process of development. This, however, leads to better outcomes for the project. 
  • Incremental and Iterative Development: Agile also facilitates incremental and iterative developments that encompass the division of the work into smaller iterations or increments. This makes regular testing, feedback collection, as well as validation possible, lowering any risk involved in massive failures with early issue detections. 
  • Constant Improvement: Agile methodologies foster constant improvements through regular reflection and retrospectives. It helps teams to identify areas where progress and necessary changes can be made to make it more effective and secure better results.
  • Enhanced Team Engagement and Morale: With agile methodologies, team members entertain the autonomy to make informed decisions and engage in effective collaboration and expertise for a high level of engagement. This increases creativity, innovation, and productivity within the particular team.

Importance of Scrum

Just like agile, Scrum too holds significant importance in the field of project management and software development for the reasons mentioned below:

  • Efficient Project Management: Scrum offers a well-structured framework for project management providing teams with the flexibility to plan, track and deliver the work effectively. Scrum ensures a clear project structure, enhancing accountability, transparency, and improved cooperation among all team members.
  • Effective Communication and Collaboration: Scrum ensures communication and close collaboration among stakeholders, team members, and customers as a result of regular meetings, stand-ups, sprint planning sessions, and reviews. This offers scope for daily interaction, alignment, and sharing of knowledge. Therefore, teams can work together to accomplish shared goals. 
  • Adjustability and Flexibility: Scrum allows teams to transform with the changing requirements throughout the entire project. Therefore, it is ensured that the project goes hand in hand with the stakeholder’s expectations and ensures the delivery of a valuable end product.
  • Prioritize value Delivery: Scrum’s focus is on the delivery of value to customers and stakeholders in every sprint. This approach ensures continuous feedback, correlation, of course, and validation, building a product that meets the expectations and needs of the customers. 
  • Constant Improvement: As a result of regular sprint retrospectives, Scrum encourages constant improvement where the team members reflect on their processes, interactions, and performance to identify the areas that require improvement and implement changes in the necessary sprint. This results in an enhancement of the quality of deliverables over time. 
  • Accountability and Transparency: Scrum promotes transparency and accountability as it makes the progress of projects visible to all stakeholders. This allows everyone to take part and view the progress and become responsible for achieving the goals of the sprint and the successful delivery of commitments.

Agile vs Scrum Differences and Similarities Explained

Differences Between Agile and Scrum

The primary difference between Agile and Scrum is that Agile is a is a development methodology based on iterative and incremental approach whereas Scrum is a precise Agile methodology in which incremental builds are delivered to the customer in every two to three weeks’ time.

After securing an idea of both the functioning and importance of agile and Scrum, learning about the differences between agile vs. Scrum is essential. Look below to find some of the key differences between Agile and Scrum.

Agile Scrum
Constant iteration of testing and development in the oeuvre of software development A part of the agile process that emphasizes offering business value promptly
The software is delivered on a daily basis for the purpose of feedback The software is delivered by scrum after every sprint
A vital role is played by leadership Emphasizes a cross-functional, self-organizing team
Agile includes face-to-face interactions and collaborations among the members of numerous teams. The achievement of collaboration is done in regular meetings 
Simple execution and design process Experimental and innovative execution and design process
Embraces change throughout the entire process Allows change only within the sprints
Obstinance of feedback throughout the entire process Obstinance of feedback after the end of every sprint
May possess numerous roles on the basis of the framework Defines particular roles

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Agile vs Scrum: Methodology

The methodology of agile and scrum entertains major differences. Let’s understand the difference in methodology between agile vs scrum.

Agile Scrum
A methodology of development in the basis of incremental and iterative approach Acts as one of the executions of the methodology of agile
Ideal for the small-scale but expert team for project development Ideal for ever-changing requirements of the project
All the tasks involved in the agile method are taken care of by the project head No presence of team leader. The issues are resolved through the collaboration of the entire team
Software delivery and update on a daily basis On completion of the ongoing sprint activities, the next can only be planned.
The method is more rigid than scrum as frequent changes are not allowed Ensures the utmost flexibility and promptly reacts to changes
Prioritize satisfaction of customers through content delivery of quality and beneficial software The central philosophy of scrum is the Empirical Process Control

Agile vs Scrum: Principles

Let’s look at the difference in the principles between agile vs scrum:

Agile Scrum
Agile allows change on the basis of competitive benefit of the customer. Gives way to share healthier ownership among the members of the team
Daily working of business developers and workers on the project Collaborative work is an essential principle of scrum
Enhancement of agility through proper design and attention to excellence in technology Review meetings and sprint planning on a daily basis are important indicators of time boxing.

Agile vs. Scrum: Focus and Scope

The focus of agile concerns adaptability, agility, and flexibility in the oeuvre of project management. Its scope concerns its flexibility of application to various domains of projects other than software development, such as research, marketing, and product development.

On the other hand, scrum focuses on efficient software development and delivery through iterative cycles and self-organizing teams. The scope of scrum is restricted to software development projects. 

Agile vs. Scrum: Flexibility and Adaptability

Both agile and scrum offer adequate flexibility and adaptability in project management, allowing teams to respond to specific changes and evolving requirements during product development and customer feedback. 

Agile vs Scrum: Team Size and Structure in Agile and Scrum

The team size in Agile can range from 5 to 9 members to larger groups on the basis of the requirements of the project. The agile team involves testers, designers, developers, and business analysts. The team works cooperatively to deliver a quality product.

On the other hand, scrum teams are smaller than agile teams and comprise a maximum of 9 members. The scrum team structure involves the scrum master, the product owner, and the development team. 

Agile vs. Scrum: Advantages 

Advantages Agile  Scrum
Flexibility Adaptable to changes Only flexible within each sprint
Satisfaction to customers Meets customer needs and prioritises the delivery of value Prioritises customer involvement and satisfaction
Collaboration and transparency Promotes transparency and collaboration Encourages regular communication and collaboration
Continuous improvement Allows for constant process improvement Constant retrospectives for enhancement of process
Mitigation of risks Identification and mitigation of risks through adaptive planning Early identification and mitigation of risks involved in project

H3 Agile vs Scrum: Disadvantages

Disadvantages Agile Scrum
Restricted Documentation Minimal documentation may result in inadequacy Limited documentation may pose difficulty for transfer of knowledge
Volatility requirement Disruption of project flow due to frequent requirement changes Sprint changes may require re-planning
Lack of predictability Difficulty in predicting outcomes and timelines due to its flexbility Constraning fixed length sprints 
Team dependency Decisionmaking and collaboration can be time-consuming Impact on the progress due to dependency and availability of team members

Agile vs. Scrum: Example

Agile vs. Scrum for Marketing Campaign: An agile approach for a marketing campaign would include a collaborative and iterative procedure. The team would work with the stakeholders to define the target audience and campaign goals. On the other hand, in scrum marketing team could adopt a sprint-based approach. They would define fixed-length sprints for two weeks and develop a plan for specific campaign activities for every sprint.

Agile Vs. Scrum: Which should you choose?

There are a variety of factors that must be taken into consideration before deciding on the choice concerning agile vs. Scrum. These factors include the complexity of the project, involvement of the stakeholders, team dynamics, project structure and control, and organizational readiness. Ultimately, the choices depend entirely on the project requirements. 

Agile vs Scrum Differences and Similarities Explained

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In conclusion, it is evident that both Agile and Scrum are closely related but distinct concepts in the oeuvre of product development. While agile is a broader concept, scrum serves as a specific framework within Agile. However, both Agile and Scrum promote customer collaboration, flexibility, as well as iterative development, allowing teams to deliver valuable products in an efficient manner.


Agile teams can be small or large, but scrum teams typically consist of a maximum of 9 members, including a Scrum Master, Product Owner, and Development Team.
The main difference is that Scrum is a specific framework within Agile, providing a structured process for project development and management.
Yes, Scrum is a part of Agile.

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