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Top Backend Languages to Know in 2024

Table of Content – 


Introduction to Backend Development

You all undoubtedly use social networking apps. It puts the relevant data on your screen whenever you tap on a video while scrolling through your feed or maybe do a search. The user experience offered by these programs is outstanding, right? 

But how is it done? The answer is the backend language of the application. Backend languages contribute to the smooth user experience, and it’s the fundamental language leveraged while creating durable backend systems. 

There are several languages and frameworks used in backend development. These backend development languages make it easier to build reliable systems for web applications easier. This article highlights the 10 best backend languages deployed by developers worldwide. 


Before that, take a glimpse at what backend language means.


What are Backend Languages?

Backend languages are coding languages programmers use to develop internal architecture and systems capable of running any web application’s background operations. Backend programming languages offer certain features that make it simpler for the software users to send and/or receive information and data from the server. 

When handling an application, these backend languages are put in charge of obtaining data from the database containing the stored information. In this article, we’re providing you with a list of top 10 backend languages that you must consider learning before you get started with web development:  


Top-Backend Languages

here are some best backend languages list you can use.

  1. Java

    Java, one of the best OOPs, has multithreading that enables programmers to run two or more threads simultaneously to enhance CPU efficiency. Programmers use this backend language to build scientific, desktop, android apps, enterprise-scale online applications, and other app types. 

    Also, Java, ranking on top of our list of the best backend language, comes with plenty of other benefits, like: 

    • Adherence to all OOP concepts
    • Platform independence 
    • Vast open-source libraries
    • Automated memory allocation
    • Garbage collection, etc.
  2. Ruby

    A huge, engaged community, quick development cycles, and a clear, simple syntax are all features of the dynamically-typed language. Its versatility, assistance with database connectivity, outstanding performance, asynchronous I/O, and concurrency—the ability to run many threads simultaneously—make it a solid backend language. 

    Since this backend language is object-oriented, you can develop modular, reusable code. Ruby on Rails framework conventions increases the likelihood of swift backend development. With a mature library ecosystem, introducing new features is simple. 

  3. SQL

    A computer language called SQL, a structured query language, employs queries, also known as data requests, to obtain information from databases. 

    You may implement SQL to retrieve crucial server-side data from databases. Then, leverage that subsequent data to execute operations to ensure an application’s or program’s client-side functions effectively. SQL, one of the best backend languages, is beneficial for retrieving client information or updating corporate databases. 

    Instead of laying the groundwork for a piece of software’s functionality, back-end engineers frequently employ SQL to carry out administrative chores that aid in its operation. 

  4. Perl

    With excellent support for text processing and rapid development, Perl has become one of the most robust and adaptable backend development languages. 

    This backend language supports a variety of libraries and modules for creating performance-guaranteed, modular, secure, scalable, and maintainable backend systems. Moreover, the community supports Perl, and developers are readily available. 

    The following are some advantages of using the backend language – Perl: 

    • It is simple to test and debug with Perl.
    • You can leverage the Comprehensive Perl Archive Network library of packages to add extra functionality.
    • Holds next-level text processing and pattern recognition abilities. 
    • Regular expression support makes finding, replacing, and editing text simple. 
  5. C#

    Developed by Microsoft, C# is one of the most advanced object-oriented backend development languages. This programming language runs on the principles and algorithms of the popular coding language – C. 

    At first, Microsoft released this backend language aiming to use it together with the .NET framework to develop Windows applications. However, now programmers leverage this backend language to develop mobile and game app development. 

  6. JavaScript

    Whether mobile apps or web-based applications, backend programming languages are needed everywhere. And when it comes to the best backend development languages, JavaScript is a backend language that immediately pops into all programmers’ minds.

    Why so? Since this backend language has many incredible capabilities and can be implemented on both the front and back ends of the program. This qualifies JavaScript as one of the unique backend development languages. 

    JavaScript has some incredible features, like object-oriented programming, dynamic programming, client-side app validation, and more. 

  7. PHP

    PHP, to date, is among the best backend languages for website development. Despite competing with more advanced backend languages like JavaScript and Python, the programming sector still has a good demand for PHP developers. 

    That’s because PHP has the reputation of being an all-purpose, dynamic backend language for server-side application development. PHP is a very effective backend language extensively used in the web development industry to design and deploy apps quickly. 

  8. Python

    Python, one of the best OOP backend languages, is mainly used for applications dealing with huge volumes of data. The fact that Python comes with a basic syntax makes it easy to read, comprehend, and debug. 

    Thanks to this backend language, now web developers can build scalable, easily upgraded, or side-graded software for web at ease. Python is one of the most popular backend languages for new programmers since it is simple to learn and has a wealth of published learning resources online.

  9. Golang

    Although Golang is among the top 5 most favored programming languages globally, many developers believe it to be rather unpopular. This is contrary to research from Stack Overflow. 

    A statistically typed computer language called Golang, also known as Go, was created at Google and featured a C-like syntax. Golang contains a feature called garbage collection that offers autonomous memory management, one of the main benefits of leveraging it as a backend language. 

  10. Kotlin

    Strong backends are built with Kotlin, given its short runtime, easy learning curve, large community backing, compatibility with Java, and adaptability. 

Kotlin is among the best backend development languages since it is lightweight, has static typing, has concurrency routes, supports functional and object-oriented programming, and can be integrated with different frameworks such as Micronaut and Spring. 

Now that you know about all the backend languages, brush your memory on the frontend technologies too. Here is an article that will help: 20 Best Frontend Technologies


What’s the Difference Between Frontend and Backend Language?

Here are the key differences between Frontend and Backend Language to understand them better.

Basis Backend Languages Frontend Languages
Function Accountable for the reasoning and operation of a server-based website or application. Is in charge of the visible components of a website or program that users may access. 
Examples C#, Ruby, Java, Python JavaScript, CSS, HTML
Skills Strong analytical and problem-solving abilities, in addition to proficiency in backend languages. Solid understanding of design and visual aptitudes, in addition to proficiency in HTML and CSS. 

Tips for Excelling Back-End Languages

Check these tips for mastering backend languages when aspiring to be a backend developer:

  • Set Objectives: Understanding your professional objectives may influence your decision on the best back-end language to learn. You can determine which languages might be useful for your career by analyzing the kind of work you plan to undertake and the usual languages used in that kind of back-end development.
  • Make The Most Of Online Instructions. Online tutorials and lessons for free let you learn from seasoned backend experts. Take advantage of the expertise of an online program’s creator while learning to code sequentially by following it.
  • Search for Developer Communities: When improving as a developer, online groups and professional associations can augment your education. With community groups and forums, you can connect with network professionals sharing higher expertise in backend languages.
  • Work on Your Own: When learning to code, development is a sector where you may simply design your own tasks to fulfill. You can build new abilities and use them to write useful code by working independently on development projects. 


Which Back-end Programming Language is the Best Choice for Me?

Your specific requirements and tastes will determine which back-end programming language suits you. 

The easiest technique to determine which back-end language is ideal for you basically involves trying out multiple options and evaluating which one you prefer. You can start by using the numerous materials that are available online and in libraries. 

However, the only best option to boost your backend career is to enroll in Hero Vired’s industry-leading, certification-based full stack developer course

Want to explore more articles relevant to website development? Start with this article on MEAN and MERN Stacks: Which Tech Stack to Choose for Full Stack Development?



We hope that this article on “Backend languages” has provided an overall insight into what is backend languages what are the most common and important backend languages used by a developer prefers for web development.





The core mechanisms that run in the backdrop of a web application are made by programmers using back-end languages.
Backend development languages allow programmers to create websites and web-based applications that render server-side rather than client-side. It is the front-end development language that renders programs to the client side.
Yes, any programmer can leverage multiple backend languages in the same project by writing two distinct applications and programming them to communicate with each other.
Among the most popular languages for developing system backends is C#. That’s because of its amazing features, like Windows server automation.

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