Web development can be defined as a process of developing web applications, online portals, and web pages. At the core of web development, there is the foundational markup language, HTML (HyperText Markup Language). The browser-side render of web pages are in HTML, and thus, knowing this markup language is essential for having a solid understanding of how web pages function on the front-end.
Similarly, web developers are expected to know CSS (Cascading Style Sheets) for styling and back-end languages, too, if they are back-end developers. HTML and CSS are essential, but finally, it boils down to what kind of web developer you aspire to be. You can be a front-end developer who completely focuses on the UI/UX (user interface/user experience) of web environments or a back-end developer who sets up the core functionalities, structure, and database of the website.
You can even be a full-stack web developer to handle all of these single-handedly for individual clients. There are various kinds of roles in web development and an ample number of tools to choose from. This offers multiple ways to go about developing great user experiences (on the web) for your target audience.
Another thing you must keep in mind when you are preparing to be a web developer is the kind of company you wish to work for and the nature of your services. For instance, if you wish to start your own agency or want to do freelancing, you should look at becoming a full-stack developer. However, if you wish to join a specialized job role in web development for MNCs and other corporations, you can focus specifically on back-end or front-end development.
What do web developers do?
Web developers also need to know scripting languages as well since both front-end and back-end coding are required for fully developing web projects.
What are the different types of web development?
Web development can be broadly classified into four types. These are front-end development, back-end development, full-stack development, and web application development. The objective of each type of web development is different, and there is a difference in the tools and technologies used as well.
Before understanding what kind of tools you wish to learn, you must first decide upon what type of web development you wish to be involved with.
What is front-end development?
Front-end development is the development of the browser-side or client-side of web environments. HTML and CSS are traditionally used for front-end development. HTML is processed at the user’s end to render web pages or applications.
Various technologies and languages used
Here is the list of technologies and language required for front end development:
- Frameworks like React, Angular, and Vue.js
- Responsive design techniques
- UI/UX principles
- Front-end build tools: webpack and gulp
Here is the list of career options available for front end development:
- Front-end developer
- UI/UX designer
- Web designer
- Front-end engineer
- Mobile app developer
What is back-end development?
You can also use technologies such as NodeJS and Python for developing the back-end. For setting up the databases, you will also need to know either MySQL or NoSQL technologies such as MongoDB. The back-end allows you to build advanced applications and complex integrations in the web environment. Also explore 10 Most Essential Back-End Technology in 2023.
Various technologies and languages
Here is the list of technologies and language required for back-end development:
- Server-side programming languages: Python, Java, Ruby, or PHP
- Frameworks: Node.js, Django, Ruby on Rails, or Laravel
- Databases like MySQL, PostgreSQL, or MongoDB
- RESTful APIs
- Server management and deployment
Here is the list of career options available for back-end development:
- Back-end developer
- Database administrator
- System administrator
- Full-stack developer
- Web application developer
What is full-stack development?
Full-stack development is the development of the front-end and the back-end simultaneously. This means that full-stack professionals are expected to know both front-end and back-end languages. Full-stack developers must also know how to program and set up the servers as well as the databases.
Technology stacks such as MERN (MongoDB, Express, React, Node) and MEAN (MongoDB, Express, Angular, Node.js) are quite popular in full-stack development. Full-stack developers also use technologies and frameworks such as Scala, GO, and Rails. According to Statista, React is the most widely used framework. Explore the Full Stack Development course, by Hero Vired and ensure a successful career ahead.
Various technologies and languages used
Here is the list of technologies and language required for full stack development:
- Combination of front-end and back-end technologies
- Proficiency in both front-end and back-end frameworks
- Understanding of database management and server-side scripting
Here is the list of career options available for full stack development:
- Full-stack developer
- Web developer
- Software engineer
- Technical lead
- Startup founder/CTO
What is mobile web development?
What are the skills web developers need?
Web developers need to use specific tools for different development frameworks and projects. Thus, being flexible and having the ability to use multiple technologies is very helpful in this domain. However, if you wish to stick to certain methodologies, choosing the right set of tools is essential.
If you are wondering how to become a full-stack web developer or a front-end/back-end developer, here are the skills that you will need:
- HTML and CSS
- The ability to program the server-side (for back-end developers)
- Technology stacks such as MERN or MEAN (For full-stack developers)
- An understanding of development requirements and user requirements
- The ability to use IDEs (Integrated Development Environments) such as Visual Studio
- Frameworks, libraries, extensions, and plugins that work with the languages of your choice
- Good foundations in user experience
- Problem-solving abilities
- The ability to use developer tools in browsers
- UI/UX tools such as Figma and Adobe XD
- Terminal Access and Servers
What tools and technologies should web developers learn?
Being a web developer can take a bit of time, but you can make the most effective use of your time by choosing the right technology for you.
Every individual technology or stack is suited for certain purposes and individuals. Thus, once you select the most optimal tools for yourself, you can quickly learn the type of web development that you need.
- Python: Python is very useful in developing web applications. This object-oriented programming language also compiles faster than PHP. Python can be used for advanced integrations and to incorporate Artificial Intelligence. You can also use the vast range of libraries and tools available when using Python.
- Python is extremely easy to learn. It can also be replaced by programming languages such as Dart, GO, Rust, Kotlin, Ruby, Go, and Scala.
- Libraries and Frameworks: Libraries and frameworks cut down the work for developers with ready-made components, structures, and templates, while giving them the freedom to make as many modifications as they want. Frameworks such as Node, React, and Angular allow full-stack developers to develop both the front-end and the back-end effectively. You can choose between other libraries and frameworks such as jQuery, Bootstrap, Express, SASS, Django, Laravel, Sprint, Rails, and Ember.
- SQL and Databases: SQL is essential when one needs to work with an SQL-based database; however, one can also use NoSQL databases such as MongoDB. Standard knowledge of CRUD (Create, Read, Update, and Delete) functions and other SQL queries is always recommended for web developers. Being able to manage integrations and data transactions is also crucial. MariaDB, MySQL, and SQL Server are some databases you should become familiar with.
Now, if you wish to progress in full-stack web development as fast as you can, it always chooses to go with a technology stack such as:
- MEAN - MongoDB, Express, Angular, and Node
- MERN - MongoDB, Express, React, Node
- LAMP - Linux, Apache, MySQL, and PHP
However, the MEAN and MERN stack is more up-to-date and capable of building advanced web applications.
You can easily learn the MEAN and MERN stack with a full stack web development course. Such a full stack development certification also helps you land great job roles in top MNCs.
Web development is one of the most sought-after domains in today’s world. The field has become even more lucrative due to dozens of companies shifting to e-commerce models every month. All kinds of businesses need their presence on the web. Thus, web developers will always be in demand.
You can easily learn the technologies of your choice through academic resources, tutorials, and web development courses. If you are wondering how long it takes to become a full-stack developer, it is anywhere between 3 months to a year, depending upon the skills you already possess.
Factors to consider while choosing web development:
When embarking on a web development journey, consider factors such as personal interests, preferred programming languages, industry demand, available learning resources, and long-term career growth potential. Explore online courses to learn web development and types of web development and how to learn web development.
Also explore What is Arrays in Java | Everything You Need to Know and polymorphism-in-java.
Learn different types of web development to open up a world of opportunities in today's digital landscape. By mastering the various types of web development - front-end, back-end, or full-stack development, individuals can pursue rewarding careers in a rapidly evolving industry. Considering factors like personal interests, job prospects, and available learning resources can guide aspiring developers on the path to success. With dedication and continuous learning, anyone can embark on a fulfilling journey in web development.