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Python for Data Science – The Top Choice for Professionals

In today’s data-driven world, python is the ultimate revolutionary for professionals. Python isn’t just any programming language; it’s a powerhouse of libraries! With its soaring demand in the job market, especially in the realms of data science and machine learning, Python has solidified its status as the top choice for forward-thinking professionals.


Employers are clamouring for candidates well-versed in Python’s versatility and adaptability, recognising its unparalleled potential to drive innovation and insight. So, if you’re looking to make waves in the world of data science, hitch your wagon to Python; it’s the ride of a lifetime!


Table of contents:



What is Data Science?


Data science is a multidisciplinary field that harmoniously integrates various disciplines, including math, statistics, specialised programming, advanced analytics, artificial intelligence (AI), and machine learning. By leveraging this amalgamation of expertise, data scientists meticulously scrutinise vast troves of organisational data to unearth invaluable insights that might otherwise remain concealed. 


These insights serve as a guiding beacon for informed decision-making and strategic planning within an organisation. By harnessing the power of data science, businesses can unlock previously undiscovered opportunities, mitigate risks, optimise processes, and ultimately gain a competitive edge in today’s data-driven landscape.


What is Python?


Python is a versatile and powerful programming language known for its interpretative nature, object-oriented paradigm, and high-level syntax. Its dynamic semantics, coupled with built-in data structures and dynamic typing, render it particularly well-suited for Rapid Application Development (RAD) and as a scripting or glue language for integrating disparate components. 


Python’s readability-focused syntax makes it accessible to beginners and seasoned developers alike, reducing the overheads associated with program maintenance. Additionally, Python’s support for modules and packages fosters modularity and code reuse, promoting efficient development practices. Furthermore, Python’s interpreter and extensive standard library are freely available in both source and binary forms across all major platforms, facilitating widespread adoption and distribution without financial constraints.


Why Python for Data Science?


Python has emerged as the cornerstone of data science, garnering unparalleled popularity and acclaim in recent years. Its significance in this domain is undeniable, as evidenced by its consistent dominance atop programming language rankings such as the TIOBE index and PYPL Index. This meteoric rise can be attributed to several compelling factors:


1. Easy to Learn:


Python’s allure lies in its simplicity and readability. With an intuitive syntax and extensive documentation, Python is exceedingly beginner-friendly, making it the perfect gateway into the realm of data science. Novices find it remarkably easy to grasp the language, thereby facilitating swift proficiency in data analysis and manipulation.


2. Cross-Platform Compatibility:


One of Python’s most advantageous features is its cross-platform compatibility. Developers can seamlessly execute code across a multitude of operating systems, including Windows, Mac OS X, UNIX, and Linux, without the burden of dealing with intricate data types. This versatility streamlines the development process and enhances overall efficiency.


3. Portability:


Python’s portability further cements its status as the preferred language for data science endeavours. Its innate flexibility enables developers to effortlessly transfer code between different machines without necessitating extensive modifications. This portability fosters a conducive environment for collaborative projects and facilitates smooth transitions across diverse computing environments.


4. Extensive Library Support:


Python boasts an extensive array of powerful libraries that significantly augment data analysis and visualization capabilities. Foremost among these are Pandas, which facilitates seamless data manipulation and analysis, NumPy, renowned for its prowess in numerical computation, and Matplotlib, a versatile library for crafting intricate data visualizations. These libraries, alongside a plethora of others, empower data scientists to tackle complex analytical tasks efficiently with unparalleled precision and efficacy.


5. Vibrant Community Support:


A vibrant and expansive community underpins Python’s supremacy in the realm of data science. This bustling ecosystem is teeming with passionate enthusiasts and seasoned professionals who actively contribute to the development and refinement of various libraries and tools tailored for data analysis. The collaborative spirit of this community has spawned an abundance of invaluable resources, further enhancing Python’s appeal as the premier choice for data science endeavours.


While the aforementioned reasons underscore Python’s preeminence in data science, its utility extends far beyond these attributes. With support for object-oriented programming, expressive language constructs, and dynamic memory allocation, Python stands as an unrivalled powerhouse in the domain of data science. Its versatility, coupled with an unwavering commitment to innovation and community-driven development, solidifies Python’s position as the quintessential programming language for data science applications. As the data landscape continues to evolve, Python remains steadfast as the indispensable tool of choice for discerning data scientists worldwide.


Python for Data Science Benefits


In essence, Python stands out as a favoured language for data science due to its simplicity in learning, robust community support, rich array of libraries for data analysis and visualisation, and outstanding machine learning capabilities. Data scientists gravitate towards Python for various application areas, including:


  • data analysis, 
  • data visualization, 
  • machine learning, 
  • deep learning, 
  • image processing, 
  • computer vision, and 
  • natural language processing (NLP). 


Engineers transitioning from academia or industry emphasise that Python’s deep learning frameworks and scientific packages have greatly enhanced productivity and versatility. These frameworks have undergone substantial evolution and continue to evolve rapidly


How do you install Python?


When it comes to installing Python, there are two primary approaches you can take:


Download Python:


The first method involves directly downloading Python from its official project site. This approach allows you to customise your installation by selecting individual components and libraries according to your requirements. By downloading Python directly, you have the flexibility to tailor your Python environment to suit your specific needs.


Install Package:


Alternatively, you can opt to install a package that comes bundled with pre-installed libraries. One highly recommended package is Anaconda, which offers a comprehensive Python distribution along with a wide array of pre-installed libraries commonly used in data science and scientific computing. Another option worth considering is Enthought Canopy Express, which provides a user-friendly environment for Python development with pre-installed libraries and tools.


To install Python via the first method, simply visit the official Python project site, download the installer suitable for your operating system, and follow the installation instructions provided.


If you prefer the convenience of a pre-packaged solution, you can download Anaconda or Enthought Canopy Express from their respective websites. These packages streamline the installation process by providing a curated selection of libraries and tools, making it easier for beginners to get started with Python development.


Whichever approach you choose, installing Python is a straightforward process that opens up a world of possibilities for programming, data analysis, and scientific computing. Whether you opt for a customised installation or a pre-packaged solution, Python’s versatility and ease of use make it an indispensable tool for developers and data scientists alike.


List of Python libraries for Data Science


Now that we’re familiar with the advantages, let’s explore the top 20 Python libraries tailored for data science:


  • TensorFlow
  • NumPy
  • SciPy 
  • Pandas
  • Matplotlib 
  • Keras
  • SciKit-Learn
  • PyTorch
  • Scrapy
  • BeautifulSoup
  • LightGBM
  • ELI5
  • Theano
  • NuPIC
  • Ramp
  • Pipenv
  • Bob
  • PyBrain
  • Caffe2
  • Chainer


Long Story Short


The use and demand for Python in data science continue to skyrocket, cementing its status as the undisputed champion of programming languages in this field. Its versatility, popularity, and extensive library support make Python an invaluable tool for professionals seeking to harness the power of data. As the data landscape evolves and organisations increasingly rely on data-driven insights to inform decision-making, proficiency in Python becomes not just advantageous but essential for success in the industry. 


So, if you’re looking to propel your career to new heights and become a sought-after expert in data science, machine learning, and artificial intelligence, consider enrolling in the Integrated Program in Data Science, Machine Learning, & Artificial Intelligence in collaboration with MIT, or the Accelerator Program in Business Analytics and Data Science at Hero Vired. Don’t miss out on the opportunity to unlock your full potential and make a meaningful impact in the world of data science. Take the first step towards an exciting and rewarding career journey today!




The structured framework of five steps, problem definition, approach selection, data gathering, analysis, and interpretation of results, provides a sturdy foundation for navigating the path from inquiry to actionable insights.
A data science lifecycle encompasses the iterative series of steps essential for completing a project or analysis. There is no universal template that delineates data science projects; therefore, it's crucial to identify the approach that aligns best with your business needs. Every stage within the lifecycle demands meticulous execution.
The aim of data science is to establish methods for extracting business-centric insights from data. This necessitates comprehending the flow of value and information within a business and leveraging this comprehension to pinpoint potential business opportunities.
The significance of data science lies in its capacity to leverage existing data, which may not hold intrinsic value individually, and amalgamate it with other data points. This process yields insights that organisations can utilise to deepen their understanding of their customers and target audience.

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