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How to Become a Product Manager - A Step-By-Step Guide

Navigating the dynamic field of product management requires steadfast vision and adaptable execution. A successful product manager embodies the paradox of unwavering determination coupled with nimble responsiveness. The guiding principle is to "be stubborn on vision but flexible on details.  

Imagine the product manager as a visionary architect sketching the blueprint of innovation. They hold tight to the North Star of their vision, resolute in the trajectory of the product's ultimate destination. This unwavering commitment to the grand vision is the bedrock upon which successful products are built. It is the beacon that guides decisions, motivates teams, and galvanises efforts toward a shared goal.

Yet, in the landscape of product development, change is the only constant. Here, the mantra to "learn faster than anyone else" rings true. Data, a product manager's compass, supersedes opinions. It's the empirical evidence that illuminates the path forward, enabling agile pivots and informed adaptations. This insistence on data-driven decision-making lends credence to the flexibility in execution, allowing for iterative tweaks and adjustments while navigating toward the overarching vision.

The Economic Times reports that in 2023, product managers rank among the highly coveted professionals. They play a pivotal role in a business's triumph by spearheading innovation, pinpointing customer requirements, and launching prosperous products into the market. Let’s know in detail how to become a product manager.


Table of Contents

  • What is a Product Manager?
  • What Are the Roles and Responsibilities of a Product Manager?
  • Skills Required for a Product Manager
  • Product Manager Qualification
  • How to Become a Product Manager?
  • Different Types of Courses to Become a Product Manager
  • Why Build a Career in Product Management?
  • Wrap Up

What is a Product Manager?

A product manager (PM) oversees the creation of organisational products, takes charge of the product strategy, defines functional requirements, and orchestrates feature releases. Acting as a bridge between business, technology, and design teams, they spearhead cross-functional endeavours and oversee tasks, tools, and relationships across all development stages.


What Are the Roles and Responsibilities of a Product Manager?

Video: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Mmuhes4pya8

Product managers undertake various responsibilities based on their position, the organisation they're in, and the field they operate in. Broadly, their functions revolve around facilitating the development, testing, and introduction of new products.

  • Conducting Customer and Market Research
    Product managers spearhead in-depth customer and market research, mining insights that shape product strategies and development paths. They dissect market trends, analyse consumer behaviours, and decipher feedback to drive informed decisions crucial for product success. Their role hinges on distilling complex data into actionable steps, ensuring products align precisely with customer needs and market demands.
  • Problem Positioning
    Problem positioning involves a product manager's skill in precisely defining the core issues or challenges faced by users. They articulate these problems in a way that aligns with the product's capabilities, ensuring the solution addresses critical pain points effectively. This responsibility demands a deep understanding of user needs and market dynamics, allowing the product manager to position the product as the optimal solution within the competitive landscape.
  • Collaborating and Brainstorming
    Product managers excel in fostering collaboration among cross-functional teams, leveraging diverse perspectives to brainstorm innovative solutions. Their role involves orchestrating brainstorming sessions, encouraging open dialogue, and synthesising ideas into actionable strategies for product development. Effective collaboration and brainstorming empower them to harness collective creativity, leading to breakthrough product innovations and enhancements.

  • Product Road Mapping
    Product managers craft comprehensive product roadmaps that outline the strategic direction, key features, and timelines for product development. This responsibility involves aligning the roadmap with business objectives and market needs while considering technical feasibility and resource constraints. By meticulously plotting the product journey, product managers provide a clear vision that guides teams and stakeholders toward successful product launches and iterations.

Skills Required for a Product Manager

Effective product managers possess a sharp awareness of evolving trends, distinguishing between passing fads and lasting shifts. They possess an innate ability to discern superior from inferior product packaging and possess an intuitive understanding of how to enhance a product or service. If your professional aspirations involve a career in product management, cultivating these pivotal product management skills now will pave the way for your success.

  • Communication proficiency is pivotal, enabling collaboration with diverse stakeholders, executives, and product teams. It facilitates the absorption of market feedback and the articulation of pertinent information and visions to the right audience at opportune moments.
  • Strategic thinking is essential for the prioritisation and execution of ideas that can significantly impact the company or brand.
  • Proficiency in people management empowers you to optimise individual and team performance.
  • Acquiring design or technical skills equips you with a comprehensive understanding of the technical aspects involved in product or service creation.
  • User-centricity and empathetic understanding aid in identifying and evaluating the challenges users may encounter with the product.

Product Manager Qualification

Usually, product managers hold degrees in technical fields like engineering or computer science, complemented by an MBA and a related certification in product management. However, individuals from non-technical backgrounds can also pursue a product management role by networking with companies actively seeking their expertise.


How to Become a Product Manager in India?

If you're transitioning careers or aiming to enter the industry as a fresher, successfully navigating the path toward becoming a product manager requires a strategic approach. Below, discover a few essential steps to guide you on your journey into product management.

  • Understanding Key Skills
    Understanding key skills is the foundational step towards becoming a product manager. It involves identifying and honing abilities like strategic thinking, data analysis, stakeholder management, and a knack for empathising with user needs, forming the bedrock for success in this multifaceted role.
  • Obtain an Education
    Obtaining relevant education is vital for aspiring product managers. Pursuing degrees, certifications, or specialised courses in fields like business, technology, or product management equips individuals with the essential knowledge and frameworks necessary to excel in this dynamic role.
  • Test Your Skills
    Testing your skills is a crucial phase in the journey to becoming a product manager. Engage in practical applications, such as internships, side projects, or freelance work, to validate and refine your abilities in areas like market research, product development, and stakeholder collaboration, preparing you for the challenges ahead in this role.
  • Gain Certification
    Gaining certification bolsters your credibility and expertise as a product manager. Accredited courses or certifications in product management not only validate your skills but also offer structured learning, providing a recognised foundation essential for navigating the complexities of this role confidently.
  • Seek Employment
    Seeking employment marks a pivotal stage in becoming a product manager. This step involves leveraging your skills, education, and certifications to secure roles such as product coordinator or associate product manager, gaining practical experience and insights vital for advancing in the field of product management.

Different Types of Courses to Become a Product Manager

Becoming a proficient product manager often involves a multifaceted approach, and various types of courses cater to different aspects of the role. Here's a breakdown of the different types of courses available for aspiring product managers:

  • Foundational Courses
  • Strategy and Leadership Courses
  • Technical and Data-Driven Courses
  • UX/UI Design Courses
  • Agile and Project Management Courses
  • Specialised Industry or Product Type Courses
  • Certification Programs

When choosing courses, it's beneficial to consider one's current skill level, career aspirations, and the specific areas where skill enhancement is required. A well-rounded approach that combines foundational knowledge with specialised skills relevant to the industry or product type often yields the most comprehensive preparation for a career in product management.


Why Build a Career in Product Management?

The demand for skilled product managers continues to surge. A study by McKinsey found that companies with strong product management practices typically outperform their peers, often achieving 5–10% higher revenue. As a result, organisations across diverse industries, from tech to healthcare, are actively seeking talented product managers to drive innovation and spearhead successful product launches.

  • Associate product manager
  • Product Manager
  • Senior product manager
  • Director of product
  • Vice president of product
  • Chief product officer

Product managers wield a diverse array of functions that shape their role's focus, encompassing:

  • Technical product managers
  • Growth product managers
  • Marketing product managers

A career in product management has emerged as an increasingly sought-after role, blending business acumen, strategic thinking, and creative problem-solving. According to a report by Glassdoor, the average base pay for a product manager in India is around ₹18,92,650 per year in India. The average additional cash compensation for a Product Manager in India is ₹2,00,000, with a range from ₹60,000 - ₹3,30,000.

Video: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3ur9UCawXE4


Wrap Up

The current landscape echoes a rising demand for adept product managers, underscoring their pivotal role in propelling businesses towards success. The Executive Program in Product Management at Hero Vired, offered in collaboration with INSEAD, not only equips individuals with the requisite skills and qualifications but also aligns with the industry's pulse, offering a diverse array of courses tailored to different facets of product management.

Video: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vI0QaTjNDmw

As the trajectory of the industry continues to evolve, management courses and certifications at Hero Vired stand as a beacon, guiding aspiring product managers toward a rewarding career path characterised by innovation, strategic prowess, and the ability to navigate the seas of change with unwavering determination and adaptability.


Becoming a product manager requires a bachelor's degree in a business-related discipline like computer science, economics, or statistics. Certain employers may prioritise specialised degrees tailored to the specific products they develop.
Entry-level roles such as product associates or coordinators serve as starting points for some individuals aiming to progress to the role of a product manager, a journey that might span 2–4 years. Conversely, alternative perspectives suggest that accumulating about 6 years of professional experience is the typical path to attaining a product manager position.
In India, the salary for product managers varies from ₹ 5.4 Lakhs to ₹ 37.0 Lakhs across a spectrum of experience, spanning less than 2 years to 13 years, averaging around ₹ 21.0 Lakhs annually, derived from a dataset of 44.1k recent salaries.
An MBA isn't required for entering the field of product management. Instead, emphasis is placed on pertinent professional experience and technical expertise as more pivotal factors.

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