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How to Become a Data Scientist in India – A Step-by-step Guide for 2024

Thinking about diving into the world of data science in India? Then, it’s time to unpack this exciting journey. Imagine you’re at the forefront of transforming raw data into actionable insights that drive decisions. Yup, that’s what being a data scientist is all about. In India, it’s like riding a wave of opportunity. The demand for data wizards is shooting up faster than you can say ‘algorithm.’ From crunching numbers to unravelling complex patterns, it’s a field where every bit of data holds a world of possibilities. With over 93,500 job openings in 2021 alone and a projected surge to around 11 million by 2026, the road to becoming a data scientist here is like stepping into a treasure trove of career prospects.


But where do you start? Well, brace yourself for a blend of technical prowess and creative problem-solving. It’s not just about crunching data; it’s about storytelling with numbers. From mastering programming languages like Python or R to diving into machine learning and statistics, there’s a whole toolbox waiting for you. And remember, the learning never stops. Upskilling is the name of the game here. But here’s the kicker: the thrill of cracking codes and unlocking insights, making impactful decisions based on your analysis? That’s the heartbeat of being a data scientist in India and worldwide as well.


So, if you’re up for an exact answer to How to become a data scientist in India, read through the following sections.


Table of Contents



What is a Data Scientist?


Data Science involves a deep exploration of data to extract meaningful business insights, combining techniques from mathematics, statistics, artificial intelligence, and computer engineering.


The applications of data science have fundamentally changed how organisations, businesses, companies, and multinational corporations (MNCs) function. In the past, these entities relied on intuition and educated estimations. However, today, the use of data science applications has revolutionised decision-making processes. Now, businesses navigate with assurance, driven by predictive analytics and the guidance of machine learning principles.


Importance of Data Science


One of the most profitable careers in the 21st century is data science Today, we’re witnessing remarkable shifts in the market conversation, with an increased focus on AI and machine learning. Data science, a problem-solving approach that links pertinent data for future utilisation, plays a crucial role in supporting the growth of these advancing technologies.


Here are some key points highlighting the importance of data science:

  • Informed Decision-Making
  • Business Optimisation
  • Predictive Insights
  • Personalised Experiences
  • Innovation and Product Development
  • Risk Management
  • Healthcare Advancements
  • Enhanced Marketing Strategies
  • Improved Financial Strategies
  • Technological Advancements



What Does a Data Scientist Do?


A data scientist’s role revolves around the extraction, analysis, and interpretation of data to reveal invaluable insights crucial for strategic decision-making. They possess a multi-faceted skill set, adept at gathering and refining data from diverse sources while conducting comprehensive exploratory analyses to spot patterns and anomalies. Utilising machine learning and statistical methods, they craft predictive models to forecast outcomes and trends, ensuring a thorough evaluation of model performance and fine-tuning through feature engineering.


Beyond analysis, data scientists are pivotal in the deployment of models into live environments, a process integral to translating theoretical insights into practical applications. Their impact spans across industries, influencing businesses to streamline operations, enhance product offerings, and pivot strategies towards data-driven approaches. By transforming raw data into actionable knowledge, these professionals catalyse innovation, empowering organisations to gain a competitive edge through informed decision-making and innovative solutions.


Skills Required to Become a Data Scientist


Becoming a proficient data scientist requires a diverse skill set across various domains. Here’s a breakdown of the essential skills pivotal to excel in this field:


  • Database Mastery: Acquiring a strong foundation in database management is crucial. Familiarity with tools like Oracle Database, MySQL, Microsoft SQL Server, and Teradata is essential for effectively storing and analysing data.
  • Statistical Proficiency: Understanding statistics, probability, and mathematical analysis is fundamental. Statistics involves methods for collecting, analysing, interpreting, and presenting empirical data. Probability measures the likelihood of events occurring, while mathematical analysis encompasses theories like differentiation, integration, and infinite series.
  • Programming Proficiency: Mastery in at least one programming language is indispensable. R, Python, and SAS are vital tools for analytics in data science. R supports various machine learning algorithms, Python is versatile and widely used with libraries like NumPy and SciPy, and SAS excels in data mining and statistical analysis.
  • Data Wrangling Skills: Data wrangling, involving data cleaning, manipulation, and organisation, is critical. Proficiency in tools like R, Python, Flume, and Scoop facilitates effective data-wrangling processes.
  • Machine Learning Expertise: Understanding the core concepts of machine learning is key. It involves enabling systems to learn and improve autonomously from experiences. This entails working with various algorithms like Regressions, Naive Bayes, SVM, K Means Clustering, KNN, and Decision Trees.
  • Big Data Tools: Familiarity with Big Data tools such as Apache Spark, Hadoop, Talend, and Tableau is essential. These tools are indispensable for handling large and complex data that traditional processing software can’t manage.
  • Data Visualization Skills: Developing proficiency in visualising results is vital. The ability to integrate diverse datasets and present results visually through diagrams, charts, and graphs enhances the impact of data analysis and communication of findings.


Mastering these skills forms the backbone of a successful data scientist, allowing individuals to navigate the complex landscape of data-driven insights and innovations. Also, you have come halfway to your answers on “How to become a data scientist in India”.


How to Become a Data Scientist in India After 12th?


Data science encompasses studying methods to derive valuable insights from gathered data. The market seeks experts capable of transforming data analysis into a strategic edge for businesses. As a data scientist, your role revolves around crafting data-centric solutions and analytics to drive business success.


Step 1: Earn a Bachelor’s Degree

Start by obtaining a bachelor’s degree in a relevant field such as data science, statistics, or computer science. Many companies look for this educational background when hiring data scientists.


Step 2: Learn Relevant Programming Languages

While a degree provides theoretical knowledge, proficiency in programming languages like Python, R, SQL, and SAS is essential. These languages are crucial for working with extensive datasets.


Step 3: Acquire Related Skills

Develop expertise in tools for Data Visualization, Machine Learning, and Big Data. Mastering techniques for handling and analysing large datasets is vital for a data scientist.


Step 4: Obtain Certifications

Earn certifications that validate your skills. Consider certifications in tools like Tableau and Power BI, which are widely used in the field of Data Science. These certifications can strengthen your career prospects.


Step 5: Pursue Internships

Internships provide practical experience and serve as a gateway to companies hiring data scientists. Look for roles like data analyst, business intelligence analyst, statistician, or data engineer. Internships offer hands-on learning opportunities.


Step 6: Entry-Level Jobs in Data Science

After completing internships, explore entry-level positions in data science, such as data scientist, data analyst, or data engineer roles. Gain experience to expand your skills and knowledge in the field.

Continuously upgrade your skills, stay updated with industry trends, and network with professionals in the data science domain to advance your career as a data scientist in India.


How to Build a Strong Data Science Portfolio?


Crafting a robust data science portfolio requires strategic planning and presentation. Here’s a guide on how to build a strong data science portfolio:


  • Choose the Right Hosting Platform
    Select a platform that best suits your needs to showcase your portfolio effectively. Explore various hosting platforms to find one that aligns with your presentation style and content requirements. Consider leveraging online Data Science Bootcamps to deepen your understanding of data science opportunities and required skill sets.
  • Provide a Clear Introduction
    Create a concise yet comprehensive overview introducing yourself and your expertise. Include details about your educational background, relevant work experience, and a clear explanation of your role in data science.


  • Highlight Impressive Projects
    Feature your most outstanding data science projects prominently. Focus on quality over quantity, ensuring potential employers or clients see your best work. Accompany each project with a brief but impactful description detailing its significance and your contributions.
  • Incorporate Social Proof
    Enhance your portfolio’s credibility by integrating social proof. Include testimonials from clients or employers to showcase your problem-solving skills. Additionally, link articles, blog posts, or relevant online content that demonstrates your expertise.
  • Ensure Accessibility
    Make it effortless for potential employers to contact you by providing clear and updated contact information on every page. Include links to your professional social media profiles like LinkedIn for additional credibility.
  • Craft a Compelling Introduction
    Create a captivating introduction that encapsulates your skills, experience, and accomplishments. Direct visitors to your relevant projects, publications, and accolades. Highlight any awards or recognition you’ve received in the field.
  • Develop a Comprehensive “About” Section
    Expand on your background in a detailed “About” section. Briefly narrate your career journey, emphasising your strongest skills and qualities. Provide links to professional social media profiles and attach your resume or CV for further insight.
  • Ensure Easy Contact Options
    Make your contact information easily accessible. Enable hiring managers to reach out effortlessly by ensuring your contact details are prominently displayed.
  • Show Your Best Work (Quality Over Quantity)
    Showcase your most promising projects to represent your skills effectively. Prioritise quality over quantity, highlighting projects that demonstrate your problem-solving and analytical abilities.
  • Keep Navigation Simple
    Simplify navigation within your portfolio by using clear titles, concise project descriptions, and consistent formatting. A user-friendly layout enhances your chances of impressing potential employers and landing your desired role in data science.


Summing Up


Data science stands as the linchpin of our data-driven world, wielding the power to extract insights and drive pivotal decisions across industries. Its importance in unravelling patterns, predicting trends, and optimising strategies is unparalleled, marking it as a transformative force in modern business landscapes. Studying Data Science Courses and Certifications at Hero Vired offers a gateway to this dynamic field, providing a comprehensive education that equips individuals with the requisite skills and expertise. The programs not only delve into the intricacies of data analytics, machine learning, and visualisation but also foster a deep understanding of real-world applications, preparing students to navigate the complexities of today’s data-centric world. Join Hero Vired in shaping yourself as the future of technology and decision-making through the transformative realm of data science.




Prospective data scientists need a degree in a STEM field (Science, Technology, Engineering, Mathematics) as a minimum eligibility criterion in India. This background serves as a foundational requirement for newcomers entering the field of data science.
After completing 12th grade, pursuing a bachelor's degree in a relevant field like computer science, statistics, mathematics, or engineering sets a strong foundation. Focus on learning programming languages like Python, R, and SQL. Additionally, consider enrolling in data science courses or certifications to develop essential skills and knowledge in this field.
Degrees in computer science, data science, IT, mathematics, or business are beneficial. Explore courses from leading universities and institutions on Coursera. These programs, such as Google's Data Analytics Professional Certificate, equip you with the essential skills required for a career as a data scientist.

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